GMOs are an important but tough issue to understand. There is good, there is bad and there is a whole bunch of sensationalism. This infographic attempts to provide a unbiased overview of GMOs. It barely scratches the surface and does not comprehensively cover all important GMO issues. Click on the image to see it larger, and feel free to share it/repost it if you like it!
Read on for sources and further reading.
Dale, P.J., et all. Potential for the environmental impact of transgenic crops. Nature Biotechnology, 20. (2009)
Gonsalves, Dennis, et all. Transgenic Virus Resistant Papaya: From Hope to Reality for Controlling Papaya Ringspot Virus in Hawaii. American Phytopathological Society (2004)
Graff, Gregory. The public–private structure of intellectual property ownership in agricultural biotechnology. Nature Biotechnology 21, 989 – 995 (2003)
Grunwald, M. Monsanto Hid Decades Of Pollution. Washington Post (2002)
James, Clive. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2010. ISAAA Brief No. 42. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY. (2010)
Key, Suzie. Genetically modified plants and human health. Molecular Immunology Unit, Centre for Infection, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, St George’s University of London (2008)
Qaim, Martin. The Economics of Genetically Modified Crops. Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Georg-August-University of Goettingen (2009)
Ramasamy, C., et all. Economic and Environmental Benefits and Costs of Transgenic Crops: Ex-Ante Assessment. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Press (2008)
Schneider, Keith. Genetically Modified Food. Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida (2002)
Vaidyanathan, G. Genetically modified cotton gets high marks in India. Nature News (2012)
20 questions on genetically modified foods. World Health Organization (2012)
Agricultural biotechnologies in developing countries: Options and opportunities in crops, forestry, livestock, fisheries and agro-industry to face the challenges of food insecurity and climate change. FAO International Technical Conference (2010)
Committee on the Impact of Biotechnology on Farm-Level Economics and Sustainability. Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States. National Research Council of the National Academies (2010)
The Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Seeds. Wall Street Journal (2010)
Phillips, T. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education 1(1) (2008)
Biotechnologies for Agricultural Development. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2011)
As I was writing this, a study came out linking GMOs to cancer. It was highly flawed and its results suspect, and thus I did not think it was appropriate to include in this infographic- read more in Reuters and this New Scientist article.